I am hoping to do a course next year in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) with the eventual aim of becoming a fully qualified and registered therapist (I would love to hear from anyone who has already done this). At present I am looking into both DBT (specific to BPD) and CBT, and thought I would share a little information I have found on the latter, CBT.
So what actually is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?
CBT is a talking therapy which can be carried out in either an individual or group setting. During therapy cognitive processes (thoughts, emotions, beliefs and attitudes) are analysed with particular emphasis on their impact on behaviour, and past life events are also discussed, with a view to finding out how they impact current emotions and behaviour.
What problems can CBT address?
- anger management
- anxiety and panic attacks
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- chronic pain
- drug or alcohol problems
- eating problems
- general health problems
- habits, such as facial tics
- mood swings
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- personality disorders
- post-traumatic stress disorder
- sexual and relationship problems
What are the basic principles of CBT?
The main principle of CBT is that the way we choose to think in certain situations will affect our emotions, and penultimately, our behaviour. Addressing these thoughts and asking whether they are helpful can be useful in changing destructive and damaging behaviours. Techniques can then be suggested to help model our thinking patterns. Other principles include;
- Recognising that another point of view exists
- Realising that events are not responsible for our feelings
- Understanding there is a way to change patterns of behaviour
At the very core of the knowledge that thoughts clearly impact behaviour and that it is not the situations in life themselves that cause unhappiness and stressful feelings, rather it is the way one interprets these situations and subsequently reacts to them.
Where can I find out more information?